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West Central Africa 2020 | English Version

Cost Benefit Analysis

Cost Benefit Analysis For tomato and onion cultivation Step 4 Weed and nutrient management • Training is the process of applying support to let the plant grow vertically. It can be done in a greenhouse by using wires with at least two meters sticks driven firmly into the ground and loosely tying the stems to the stake. • Trellising is supporting the plant to grow horizontally especially in a greenhouse setting. In the open field, the plant can be untied and laid down in a common direction. • De-suckering is the removal of lateral shoots that develop between the main stem and the leaves. Suckers use up nutrients meant for fruit development and can affect the size of the fruit. • Pruning is done by removing old leaves especially the leaves below the truss once the tomatoes fruit have been formed. • Mulching is important because it excludes light and raises temperatures suppressing the propagation of weeds. Black plastic is recommended. Enza Zaden tomato hybrid seeds Item Unit/quantity Average unit price (Naira ₦) Total (Naira ₦) Cultivation Area 1 Acre (4,000m2) Naira (₦) Naira (₦) Number of plants Precocity 4,000-6000 60-75 days after transplanting Farm labour 400-450 hours 100 45,000 Input fertilizer 250Kg 200 50,000 Insecticides 12 weeks 3000*12 36,000 Cost of Hybrid seeds Cost of open polinated seeds Total variable cost Yield per plant using hybrid seeds 6,000 seeds 8650*6 51,900 100g 3500 3500 80-120 fruits 686,400 Onion gross margin analysis per acre of land Item Amount of Seed Required Hybrid Seeds Amount of Seed Required Local Seeds (OP) Quantity per Acre Price in CFA 1,5Kg 150,000 92,000 2kg 30,000 20,000 Bed preparation 1 Acre 30,000 20,000 Sowing labour 1 person 30,000 20,000 Weeding 1 Acre 50,000 30,000 Manure 100,000 60,000 Basal fertilizers 50,000 30,000 Foliar fertilizers 25,000 15,000 Fungicides 60,000 36,000 Pesticides 50,000 30,000 Herbicides 25,000 15,000 Casual labour 100,000 60,000 Irrigation pump (Fuel) 50,000 30,000 Price in Naira (₦) Step 5 Harvesting and curing Tropical variety tomatoes mature between 60-75 days and can be green, pink/light red. Matured red/pink tomatoes are picked by hand for the fresh market. If there is a considerable distance to the market they are picked when matured and green. Yield per plant using open pollinated seeds Yield per Acre for HYBRID seeds Yield per Acre for OP seeds Gross Margin Hybrid seeds Gross Margin Open polinated seeds 30-40 fruits 35-40 tons 200 7,000,000 10-15 tons 200 2,000 000 6,313,600 1,365,500 Miscellaneous costs 100,000 60,000 Total variable costs for Local seeds Total variable costs for Hybrid seeds Expected Yield for Hybrid seeds Expected Yield for Local seeds (OP) Projected income from Hybrid seeds 25-30 tons 7-10 700000 426,000 820,000 498,000 150 cfa x 30,000 Kg = 4,500,000 cfa ₦ 100 x 30,000 Kg = ₦ 3,000 000 Projected income from Local seeds (OP) 150 cfa x 10,000 Kg = 1,500,000 cfa ₦ 100 x 10,000 Kg = ₦ 1,000,000 Net Profit Hybrid seeds 3,680 000 cfa ₦ 2,502 000 Net Profit Local seeds (OP) 800,000 cfa ₦ 574,000 18 | Enza Zaden Enza Zaden | 19

Enza Zaden Brochures

Огурец
Пряно-вкусовые культуры 2019 | 2020
Лук
Перец 2019
Тыква 2019
Салаты Eazyleaf
Дыня 2018
Қауын 2018
Редис | Дайкон 2017 | 2018
Тыква 2017 | 2018
Корнишон 2017 | 2018